What is academic freedom?

Economic Sociology and Political Economy

"The most important aspect of freedom of speech is freedom to learn. All education is a continuous dialogue — questions and answers that pursue every problem on the horizon. That is the essence of academic freedom, of all scientific inquiry."
(The US Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas)

Yale law school professor William Orville Douglas was an expert on finance, commercial litigation and bankruptcy. He was identified with the school of Legal Realism, which pushed for an understanding of law based less on formalistic legal doctrines and more on the real-world effects of the law. In 1934, Douglas joined the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in a political appointee position, having been nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. By 1937, he had become the SEC chairman.
Nominated by President Roosevelt to succeed Louis Brandeis' seat, in 1939 Douglas became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States…

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